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Decapitation of Ravenshaw

Devdas Chhotray

Ravenshaw has been my unrequited love of life. Whether loitering in its corridors as an undergraduate student or about four decades after, at the helm of its administration, I could never have had enough of it. I am beholden to Ravenshaw in my ever-blind adolescent love.

The magic of Ravenshaw lies as much in the splendor of its physical beauty as in the radiance of its heritage. None of that magic will remain if the name Ravenshaw is shorn off its epigraphy.

As a sophomore, Ravenshaw looked in my imagination like an enormous red whale in a sea of green grass and tall trees. A closer engagement with it in later years made me realize its undeniable role as the precursor of modernity in Odisha and how whatever is vital and living in the modern era of this state was forged in its hearth. In the process, its name has shed all personal nuance and become a metaphor. Therefore to deprive it of its due will be, in the least, unconscionable.

I had heard almost at the outset, when I started working as its first Vice Chancellor in November 2006, that the name of the university needs a makeover and the time for that is now opportune. It was a quiet buzz which died away without much ado. I heard then that some zealous vigilantes had mobilized support for the change in nomenclature at the time of the passing of the Ravenshaw University Act. Perhaps a larger sensibility stood in their way. We all know how ridiculous it still sounds to call Howrah Bridge as Rabindra Setu and Connaught Circus Rajiv Chowk. While one renaming could be understood as political sycophancy, the other one is a breach of heritage and pure kitsch. There is a difference between naming something fresh and new and devaluing the past with a casual flourish of renaming. The psyche that comes to play is the well-known Hindu xenophobia. If Mahatma Gandhi had not intervened from the bed of his hunger strike in Calcutta on the first Independence Day, a part of the old Viceregal palace, now the residency of the Governor, would have been brutally vandalized.

If I were associated with the drafting of the Ravenshaw University Act, I would never have changed the pristine name of ‘Ravenshaw College’ to ‘Ravenshaw University’ for there was no etymological need. Isn’t the Imperial College, London a university still with the old nomenclature of Imperial College? People who love and respect a tradition often cling to it as a fetish.

Churchill once said that he had not become the Prime Minister of England to preside over the liquidation of the British Empire. When the idea of a name change was mooted to me, half in jest, on my arrival as the Vice Chancellor, I chuckled and said, also in half jest, that it would be the surest way to make me resign. I have not become the first Vice chancellor to be a mute witness to the decapitation of Ravenshaw.

Once in the month of May, while roaming in London, with painter Prafulla Mohanty and his English friend Derek Moore, we walked into Ravenshaw Street in North Hampstead. I was thrilled, without the faintest idea if the place was in any way connected with Thomas Edward Ravenshaw (1827-1914), the founder of my college. Just the word cast a magic spell, and the Red Whale of my adolescence again appeared in my eyes, ‘fair to look on, stately in proportions’ in my hometown Cuttack, ten thousand miles away.

T E Ravenshaw hailed from the Bath and Somerset region of England. He does not seem to have any great public school or Oxbridge connections. He, like his father, served the British East India Company and remained in Cuttack as the Revenue Commissioner from 1865, the year in which Cuttack Club was founded in the Fort, till 1878.

Almost simultaneous in arrival with Ravenshaw in Cuttack, was the great Odisha famine of 1866 which devastated the state by killing about 30 lakh people due to inept handling of a slow and unresponsive administration. As the Commissioner, Ravenshaw has been assailed ever since for his inertia and incompetence.

Blaming Ravenshaw in hindsight for the mismanagement of famine relief is perhaps not unjust. It may be said by way of attenuation that Ravenshaw was totally swept over by the ferocity of the famine. He was barely there when the famine struck. He didn’t have a grip on the field. His earlier experience was functioning as the Commissioner of anti-dacoity operations for the entire presidency, a sort of crime branch activity. In Odisha, in his new charge as Revenue Commissioner, he hardly knew the lay of the land and the cunning alleys of the marketplace. As a laissez-faire textbook economist, he believed that if there is scarcity, the market mechanism itself would throw up the hoarded food grains by the laws of demand and supply. He was sadly mistaken.

However, his post-famine pursuit of development projects, particularly in education led to the founding of many institutions, the most notable being the Cuttack Collge, the first institution of higher learning in Odisha. It was on the insistence of the Maharaja of Mayurbhanj and public upsurge, that the name of the college was changed to Ravenshaw College in 1878. It was done to commemorate his singleminded ness to the cause of Education in Odisha. Ravenshaw did not ask for it nor the colonial British Government had put any pressure. The naming of the Cuttack College after Ravenshaw is a natural surge of gratitude of the local people after he had departed from Odisha, subsequent to a twelve-year stint as its Commissioner.

The portrait of Ravenshaw as a knave and incompetent officer has emerged more out of the ‘Memoirs’ of his fellow officer John Beams than official records. John Beams was the Collector of Cuttack in 1877 when Ravenshaw was the Commissioner. Both did not like each other a bit. Beams was sharp, independent, and scholarly with excellent writing skills. and fiercely defiant of authority. He had been suspended twice in his career and suffered a punishment transfer to Chittagong from Cuttack for having disparaged his boss Ravenshaw by mimicry at a party. It happened when Ravenshaw sneaked into the party in Commissioner’s own residence at Lalbagh, which currently houses the Sishu Bhawan in Cuttack.

Despite their unconcealed mutual rancor for each other, it is incredible that both Beams and Ravenshaw in their respective ways wielded their cudgels against Bengali supremacy in protecting Odia as a language of transaction in government offices, and as a medium of instruction in Schools. Both Fakirmohan and Gourishankar are important, but even they deified these two colonial administrators as the protector of Odia’s identity in language and letters.

T E Ravenshaw in particular had proved his credentials by his unflinching support to the propagation of Odia in promoting textbooks and primers. their writing and printing, and post

creation for Odia school teachers. When his seniors in Calcutta swayed by Bengali propaganda quipped that it would require another Vidyasagar for another twenty years to uplift lay Odia as a language, Ravenshaw did not buckle down and firmly defended the versatility of Odia.

Despite the hapless famine years, Ravenshaw loved the land and people of Odisha. In his sunset years, he lived to be 86, he met Madhu Babu in London and talked to him with a warm smile. Let this ephemeral debate not turn that smile to a smirk and let it not amuse him to see his decapitated head in the forecourt of the Ravenshaw College, probably the best-architectured college in the country, which he did not live to see.

About the Writer:

Devdas Chhotray is an Indian Odia author, administrator, and academician. He was the first vice-chancellor of Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, Odisha. His work consists of poetry, short stories, lyrics, musicals, and screenplays.


About Editor in chief

Ashok Palit has completed his graduation from Upendranath College Soro, Balasore and post graduation from Utkal University in Odia Language and literture.. He has also carved out a niche for himself as a scribe of eminence after joining the profession in 1988. He is also an independent media production professional. He brings loads of experience to Advanced Media, Ashok Palit as a cineaste has been active in film criticism for over three decades. As a film society activist, he soared to eminence for his profound commitment to the art film appreciation and aesthetics of cinema. His mode of discourse is often erudite but always lucid and comprehensible marked by a perfect acumen so rare in the field. A film aesthete with an immense fond of critical sensibilities, he wrote about growth and development of odia cinema in New Indian Express, The Times of India, The Hindustan Times, The Asian Age and Screen. He has been working as an Editor for Cine Samaya from 2002-2004.. He had made solid contribution on cinema in many odia Dailies and weekly such as Samaj, Prajatantra, Dharatri, Samaya, Satabadi, and weekly Samaya.

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