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PM receives world leaders at G20 Summit, in Bharat Mandapam (Pragati Maidan), New Delhi on September 09, 2023.

India showcases Konark Temple wheel as PM Modi receives G20 Summit leaders at Bharat Mandapam

Newdelhi:9/9/23:The replicas of the wheel and sculptures of dancing women at the Konark Sun Temple in Odisha greeted world leaders and foreign delegates to the G20 Leaders’ Summit at the Bharat Mandapam International Exhibition and Convention Centre in New Delhi on Saturday. Prime Minister Narendra Modi greeted arriving world leaders for G20 Summit.

Modi shook hands with World Bank chief Ajay Banga, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, and other delegates arriving for a two-day discussion of contentious global issues in the Indian capital.

The Significance of the Konark Wheel

Konark Wheel consists of 8 wider spokes and 8 inner spokes and it is 9 feet in diameter. The temple features 24 (12 pairs) wheels representing the wheels of Lord Surya’s sun chariot. The 12 wheels signify the 12 months of the year and the 8 spokes represent the 8 prahars or time divisions of the day. According to legend, it is said that the Konark sundial was used to calculate the precise time of day based on the position of the sun. The wheel was crafted with incredible precision, and its intricate design allowed sunlight to pass through it and cast shadows that could be used to determine the exact time. Besides that, the carvings on the wheels depict scenes from Hindu mythology, including images of gods and goddesses, animals, and humans. The wheel is also said to symbolize the cycle of life, death, and rebirth.

Astronomical Significance

The Sundial at Konark Sun Temple has great astronomical significance. It is said that the temple’s architects used their knowledge of astronomy to create the sundial, and its design is based on complex mathematical calculations that took into account the earth’s rotation and the movements of the sun, moon, and stars. It can track the movement of the sun throughout the day and throughout the year. The wheel was designed to align with the sun’s rays at different times of the year, indicating the changing seasons and the solstices. It is believed to have been used to calculate the precise time for various religious ceremonies and rituals.

The Konark wheel was built during the 13th century under the reign of King Narasimhadeva-I. The wheel with 24 spokes is also adapted into India’s national flag embodies India’s ancient wisdom, advanced civilization, and architectural excellence.

The rotating motion of the Konark Wheel, symbolises time, Kalachakra as well as progress and continuous change. It serves as a powerful symbol of the wheel of democracy that reflects the resilience of democratic ideals, and commitment to progress in society.

The first session of the G20 Summit would begin around 10:30 am under this year’s theme ‘One Earth’. This global meeting, a culmination of various ministries, meetings and the engagement of different groups that happened throughout the year, aims to address key issues around the globe.

The complete schedule of G20 Summit 2023:

Day 1 (September 9)

9.30 am to 10:30 am: The event will start with the arrival of leaders and heads of delegations at the summit venue, Bharat Mandapam. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, along with world leaders, would take photographs in the Tree of Life Foyer. The leaders will then assemble in the Leader’s Lounge, at Bharat Mandapam.

Between 10:30 am and 1:30 pm: The first session under the theme “One Earth” will take place at the Summit Hall at Bharat Mandapam, followed by a working lunch.

Between 1:30 pm and 3:30 pm: Various bilateral meetings will take place.

From 3:30 to 4:45 pm: The second session, ‘One Family, will be held. After concluding this session, the leaders would then return to their hotels.

Between 7 pm and 8 pm: Leaders and heads of delegation will attend dinner, beginning with a welcome photo on arrival.

8 pm to 9 pm: The leaders will engage in conversation over dinner.

9 pm to 9:45 pm: Leaders and heads of delegations will then gather in the leaders’ loungue at Bharat Mandapam and return to their hotels.

Day 2 (September 10)

8:15 am to 9 am: The leaders and heads of the delegations will arrive at Rajghat in individual motorcades.

9:00 am to 9:20 am: The leaders will then lay a wreath at Mahatma Gandhi’s Samadhi. Also, a live performance of Mahatma Gandhi’s favourite devotional songs.

9:20 am: Leaders and Heads of Delegations will then move to Bharat Mandapam’s Leaders’ Lounge.

9:40 am to 10:15 am: Arrival of leaders and heads of delegation at Bharat Mandapam

10:15am–10:30am: Tree planting ceremony at Bharat Mandapam’s South Plaza

10:30 am–12:30 pm: The third session of the summit, called ‘One Future’, will take place at the venue, followed by the adoption of the New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration.

US President Joe Biden, British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida are among the key leaders who will attend the event in the country’s capital city today and tomorrow.

Notably, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin will not be taking part in the weekend summit. China, however, will be represented at the summit by Chinese Premier Li Qiang, and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov will represent Russia.

About Editor in chief

Ashok Palit has completed his graduation from Upendranath College Soro, Balasore and post graduation from Utkal University in Odia Language and literture.. He has also carved out a niche for himself as a scribe of eminence after joining the profession in 1988. He is also an independent media production professional. He brings loads of experience to Advanced Media, Ashok Palit as a cineaste has been active in film criticism for over three decades. As a film society activist, he soared to eminence for his profound commitment to the art film appreciation and aesthetics of cinema. His mode of discourse is often erudite but always lucid and comprehensible marked by a perfect acumen so rare in the field. A film aesthete with an immense fond of critical sensibilities, he wrote about growth and development of odia cinema in New Indian Express, The Times of India, The Hindustan Times, The Asian Age and Screen. He has been working as an Editor for Cine Samaya from 2002-2004.. He had made solid contribution on cinema in many odia Dailies and weekly such as Samaj, Prajatantra, Dharatri, Samaya, Satabadi, and weekly Samaya.

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