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The Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Chemicals and Fertilizers, Shri Mansukh Mandaviy presided over the release of National Fact Sheet Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS-4), India, 2019, in New Delhi on August 10, 2021.

Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya presides over the release of Global Youth Tobacco Survey

Newdelhi:10/8/21:Shri Mansukh Mandaviya, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare today presided over the release of National Fact Sheet Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS-4), India, 2019.

The Union Health Minister emphasized the role of teachers as most crucial in creating awareness among children and their parents about harm due to tobacco use and for shaping the attitude of children in this regard. He said, “The more and the sooner, we create awareness among children about harms due to tobacco use, the better will be the outcomes in terms of reduction in prevalence of tobacco use among children and consequently among adults.” ‘Harmful effects of tobacco use’ should be incorporated in school curricula at various levels starting right from the primary school level, he added.

The fourth round of Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS-4) was conducted in 2019 by the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). The survey was designed to produce national estimates of tobacco use among school-going children aged 13-15 years at the state level and Union Territory (UT) by sex, location of school (rural-urban), and management of a school (public-private). The first three rounds of GYTS were conducted in 2003, 2006, and 2009.

A total of 97,302 students from 987schools (Public-544; Private-443) participated in the survey. Of which, 80,772 students aged 13-15 years were considered for reporting. The objective of the survey was to provide information on tobacco use, cessation, second-hand smoke, access and availability, exposure to anti-tobacco information, awareness and receptivity to tobacco marketing, knowledge, and attitudes.

The Minister was also apprised of the key findings of the Survey:

Tobacco use

  • Nearly one-fifth of the students aged 13-15 used any form of tobacco product (smoking, smokeless, and any other form) in their life. However, the current use (during the last 30 days) was 8.5%. Between the last two surveys, the current use declined by 42% (2009-2019).
  • The prevalence of tobacco use among boys was 9.6% and among girls was 7.4%.
  • The prevalence of smoking tobacco was 7.3%. In  case of smokeless tobacco products, the prevalence was4.1%.
  • Ever use of e-cigarette among the students was 2.8%.
  • Use of any form of tobacco was higher among boys than girls.
  • The current use of tobacco among students across the States/ UTs ranged from the highest in Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram (58% each) to the lowest in Himachal Pradesh (1.1%) and Karnataka (1.2%).

Age of initiation of tobacco

  • 38% of cigarettes, 47% of bidi smokers, and 52% of smokeless tobacco users initiated the use before their 10th birthday. The median age at initiation of cigarette and bidi smoking, and smokeless tobacco use were 11.5 years, 10.5 years, and 9.9 years respectively.

Cessation

  • 2 in 10 current smokers tried to quit smoking in the past 12 months and another 2 in 10 students wanted to quit smoking now.
  • 27%of current users of smokeless tobacco tried to quit using in the past 12 months and another 25% wanted to quit now.

Second-hand smoke

  • 29.5% of the students were exposed to second-hand smoke (11.2% at home, 21.2% inside enclosed public places, 23.4 at outdoor public places).

Access & availability

  • 69% of current cigarette smokers and 78% of current bidi smokers bought cigarettes/bidis from a store, paan shop, street vendor, or vending machine.
  • Among the current smokers who bought cigarettes/bidi, 45% of cigarette smokers and 47% of bidi smokers were not refused because of their age.

Media and anti-tobacco messages

  • 52% of students noticed anti-tobacco messages in the mass media.
  • 18% of students noticed tobacco advertisements or promotions when visiting points of sale.

Knowledge & attitudes

  • 71% of students thought other people’s cigarette smoking is harmful to them.
  • 58% of students favoured ban on smoking inside enclosed public places.

School policy

  • 85% of school heads were aware of COTPA, 2003.
  • 83% of schools were aware of the policy to display a ‘tobacco-free school’ board.

The State-wise tobacco consumption pattern was also brought out in the survey.

 

 

About Editor in chief

Ashok Palit has completed his graduation from Upendranath College Soro, Balasore and post graduation from Utkal University in Odia Language and literture.. He has also carved out a niche for himself as a scribe of eminence after joining the profession in 1988. He is also an independent media production professional. He brings loads of experience to Advanced Media, Ashok Palit as a cineaste has been active in film criticism for over three decades. As a film society activist, he soared to eminence for his profound commitment to the art film appreciation and aesthetics of cinema. His mode of discourse is often erudite but always lucid and comprehensible marked by a perfect acumen so rare in the field. A film aesthete with an immense fond of critical sensibilities, he wrote about growth and development of odia cinema in New Indian Express, The Times of India, The Hindustan Times, The Asian Age and Screen. He has been working as an Editor for Cine Samaya from 2002-2004.. He had made solid contribution on cinema in many odia Dailies and weekly such as Samaj, Prajatantra, Dharatri, Samaya, Satabadi, and weekly Samaya.

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