Newdelhi:28/7/20:“Tiger is an incredible part of the nature and the increased number of the big cats in India reflects equilibrium in the nature.”, said the Union Environment Minister, Shri Prakash Javadekar at the release of the detailed report of Tiger Census on the eve of Global Tiger Day in New Delhi today.
Tiger population in Odisha has remained unchanged between 2014 and 2018 as the figure stood at 28, a report of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) said.
Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar released the detailed report of the Tiger Census on the eve of Global Tiger Day in New Delhi today.As per the report, the number of tigers in Odisha stood at 45 in 2006 while it dropped to 32 in 2010.The poor and continued decline in tiger status in the states of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha is a matter of concern, the report said.India’s tiger population now stands at 2967 which is 70 per cent of the global tiger population.
Shri Javadekar said Tigers and other wildlife are a kind of soft power India has to show on the international front. The Minister said, despite several constraints such as less landmass, India has eight percent of bio-diversity because our country has a culture of saving and preserving the nature, trees, and its wildlife. Noting that wildlife is our natural wealth, Shri Prakash said, it is praiseworthy that India has 70 percent of the world’s tiger population. The Minister mentioned India is tirelessly working with all 13 tiger range countries towards nurturing the tiger. Shri Javadekar also announced that his Ministry is working on a program in which efforts would be made to provide water and fodder to animals in the forest itself to deal with the challenge of human-animal conflict which is causing deaths of animals. For this LIDAR based survey technology will be used for the first time. Lidar is a method for measuring distances by illuminating the target with laser light and measuring the reflection with a sensor.
Highlighting the keystone nature of the tiger, a poster on the presence of small cats was also released by the Environment Minister. With the presence of nearly 30 percent of India’s tigers outside tiger reserves, India had embarked upon assessing management interventions through the globally developed Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) framework, which will now be extended to all fifty tiger reserves across the country.
Speaking on the occasion, Minister of State of Environment, Shri Babul Supriyo said, human-animal conflict can be avoided but it cannot be ruled out in the country. He said, frontline officials, have done a commendable job in raising the numbers of tiger in the country.
The detailed report of the 4th All India Tiger Estimation is unique in the following ways;
- Abundance index of co-predators and other species has been carried out which hitherto was restricted only to occupancy
- Sex ratio of tigers in all camera trap sites has been carried out for the first time.
- Anthropogenic effects on tiger population have been elaborated in a detailed manner.
- Tiger abundance within pockets in tiger reserves has been demonstrated for the first time.The detailed report released today assesses the status of tigers in terms of spatial occupancy and density of individual populations across India. In addition to the summary report released by the Prime Minister of India on the “Status of Tigers in India” in July 2019, this detailed report compares information obtained from the earlier three surveys (2006, 2010, and 2014) with data obtained from the 2018-19 survey to estimate population trends at country and landscape scales, patch colonization and extinction rates along with information on likely factors responsible for changes in tiger status at the fine spatial resolution of 100 km. The report evaluates the status of habitat corridors connecting major tiger populations and highlights vulnerable areas that require conservation attention for each landscape. The report provides information on major carnivores and ungulates regarding their distribution and relative abundance. For Detailed Report Click here