Yash Pal (26 November 1926 – 24 July 2017), also referred as Yash Pal Singh, was an Indian scientist, educator and educationist. He was known for his contributions to the study of cosmic rays, as well as for being an institution-builder. In his later years, he has become one of the leading science communicators of the country. Starting his career at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), he later remained chairman of the University Grants Commission from 1986 to 1991. In 2013, he was awarded India’s second highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan.Early life Yash Pal was born in 1926 in Jhang, British India, now in Pakistan. He was raised in Pai, Kaithal, Haryana (India), graduated with a master’s degree in physics from Panjab University in 1949 and gained a PhD degree in Physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1958.
Yash Pal started his career at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Bombay (now Mumbai), as a member of the Cosmic Rays group. He went to Massachusetts Institute of Technology for his PhD and returned to TIFR, where he remained until 1983.
In 1972, the Government of India set up its Department of Space and embarked on an independent space programme. Yash Pal took charge as the first Director of the newly set up Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad, in 1973. At the same time, he continued to be on the faculty of TIFR.
Yash Pal’s administrative assignments at the government-level and beyond began with his appointment as the Secretary General of the Second United Nations Conference on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (1981–82). He held the posts of Chief Consultant, Planning Commission (1983–84) and Secretary, Department of Science and Technology (1984–1986), after which he was appointed chairman, University Grants Commission (UGC) (1986–91). During his tenure as UGC chairman, he advocated the setting up of Inter-University Centres funded by the UGC, on the model of the Nuclear Science Centre (now Inter-University Accelerator Centre), New Delhi. Institutions such as the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA) emerged from this vision.Pal was a member of UN Advisory Committee on Science and Technology for Development, Scientific Council, International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste and Executive Committee and United Nations University.Pal was Vice President of International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Indian National Science Academy in the year 1980-1981.
Pal was the Chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University (2007-2012). His involvement in school education dates back to the early 1970s, with the pathbreaking Hoshangabad Science Teaching Programme.In 1993, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, set up a National Advisory Committee, with Yash Pal as chairman, to go into the issue of overburdening of school children. The report of the committee, entitled “Learning without Burden”, is now regarded as a seminal document in Indian education.
When the National Council of Educational Research and Training embarked on the exercise of drawing up the National Curriculum Framework, Pal was asked to chair its Steering Committee. The Executive Summary of the NCF 2005 document states that the curriculum review exercise was undertaken “in the light of the report, Learning Without Burden (1993)”.
In 2009, the MHRD set up a Committee on Higher Education with Pal as the chairman, for examining reform of higher education in India. In its report, the Committee laid emphasis on the idea of a university, and advocated a number of major structural changes. However, it is not clear whether the Government intends to take any action on the basis of the report.
He submitted a report on “Renovation and Rejuvenation of Higher Education in India” to the Ministry of Human Resource Development on June 24, 2009. He filed the case, Prof. Yashpal & Anr vs State Of Chhattisgarh & Ors in the Supreme Court against a law, Chhattisgarh Niji Kshetra Vishwavidyalaya (Sthapana Aur Viniyaman) Adhiniyam, 2002 which is used to establish universities without regulatory approvals and necessary infrastructure. He won the case in February 2005 and 112 private universities formed unded the said law in Chhattisgarh had to be closed.
Yash Pal is known for regular appearances on the science programme Turning Point telecast on Doordarshan and for explaining scientific concepts in layman’s language, along with participation on advisory boards for televised science programmes such as Bharat ki Chaap.For the English daily The Tribune, he answered readers’ science-relate questions. He died due to old age related illnesses on 24 July 2017 in Noida, Uttar Pradesh.